Since then, the contributions whatsapp phone number list of Latin American researchers at different points of that border have been a central contribution. They allow us to define that, in these territories, women are exposed to the whatsapp phone number list intersectionality of different elements that push them towards social vulnerability and violence: their gender condition, their socioeconomic situation, their identity (particularly whatsapp phone number list due to racist, ethnic or xenophobic). In the last 20 years, research on the subject has been consolidated in South.
America, Central America whatsapp phone number list and the Caribbean. A notable example of this effort is the work of María Amelia Viteri, Iréri Ceja and Cristina Yépez, who compare (il)legal markets characterized by human trafficking and migrant smuggling in the border areas of Mexico, Guatemala, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Brazil and Argentina. Thus, they analyze cross-border female mobility, emphasizing the multiple forms of exploitation that women suffer. With this exercise, they identify dynamics and power relations that allow us to understand, in each border context, the reproduction and/or rupture whatsapp phone number list of gender stereotypes and mandates, and reach transcendent conclusions.
For example, point out whatsapp phone number list that human trafficking is more frequently linked to domestic slavery suffered by girls, adolescents and women than to sexual exploitation. Likewise, they identify that the trafficking networks whatsapp phone number list of women are configured more recurrently in the domestic sphere: it is the men of the family nucleus who expose their partners, daughters or other female relatives whatsapp phone number list to sex work. These conclusions deconstruct the myth that associates this type of trafficking exclusively with organized crime gangs. In addition, they question the security policies of the States -referring to the closure, control and militarization of national whatsapp phone number list borders-, which repeat in considering that informal trade and human